Bernard Doulton

Client

Bernard Doulton (1854–1934) was the fourth son of pottery manufacturer John Doulton II (1818–1862), and nephew of Sir Henry Doulton (1820–1897), who mass-produced domestic earthenware, drainpipes, and sanitary ware. 1 Doulton's grandfather, Kenneth Mathieson, was a building contractor and architect in Glasgow. 2 From 1871, Doulton's interconnected firms included the famous 'Lambeth Studio' art pottery in London, among whose designers were local art school students. 3

Bernard Doulton was a mechanical engineer, and joined the professional institute in 1879, while working at Lambeth. 4 He transferred to valve and steam- engineers and brassfounders Alley & MacLellan's Sentinel Works in Glasgow in 1885, where he worked for around three years. 5 In 1888, he may have been involved with Doulton's large, Indian-themed display at that year's Glasgow International Exhibition, where Sir Henry presented the extravagant terracotta 'Doulton Fountain' to the city. 6

Bernard worked at Doulton's new sanitary engineering premises at Hawkhead Road, Paisley, which was announced in October 1888 and opened in 1889. 7 It produced enamelled baths and vitreous-china bathroom suites, ranging from utilitarian to elaborately decorated with transfer prints. 8 By 1890, the works had proved so successful that an iron foundry was added. By the 1930s, business had declined and it closed in 1936. 9

In the early 1890s, Doulton was living in Stirling with his wife Jessie Smith from Stonehaven, whom he married in 1885. 10 From Stirling he could commute to Paisley by train. By 1901, he was living at 'Halzelmere', Kilmacolm, and from the mid-1900s until at least 1915, at Dunottar, Kilmacolm. 11 Little is known of Doulton's life, except that in the 1890s, a variety of pansy appears to have been named after him. 12 He retired to Surbiton, Surrey, where he died. 13

Notes:

1: Birth data, www.ancestry.co.uk [accessed 4 April 2013]; Michael Perry, 'The Doulton Family', Pottery Histories: Histories of U.K. Potters, 2011, www.potteryhistories.com [accessed 4 April 2013].

2: 1841 Census, at www.ancestry.co.uk; Births, Marriage, Parentage at www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk; Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Architects, at www.scottisharchitects.org.uk, all accessed 4 April 2013.

3: A. J. Clement, ‘Doulton, Sir Henry (1820–1897)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004, www.oxforddnb.com [accessed 11 March 2013]; 'Lambeth Pottery', Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 1886, pp. 414–16.

4: 'Members Lists', Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 1880, p. xviii; 1884, p. xxii.

5: Members Lists, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers 1886, p. xxiii; Glasgow Post Office directories, 1880–1910; 'Members Lists', Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 1887, p. xxiv.

6: Glasgow Herald, 8 October 1888, p. 1; Ray McKenzie, Public Sculpture of Glasgow, Liverpool: University Press, 2002, pp. 166–71; 'Parks and Gardens: The Doulton Fountain', Glasgow City Council, www.glasgow.gov.uk [accessed 4 April 2013].

7: Glasgow Herald, 17 October 1888, p. 6; 21 March 1889, p. 7; Census 1911, www. scotlandspeople.gov.uk [accessed 4 April 2013].

8: Glasgow and Paisley Post Office directories, 1890–1920; Aberdeen Evening Express, 1 October 1892, p. 2; John D. McDonald, 'Coats Memorial Baptist Church', photo set, 1 May 2011, www.flickr.com [accessed 4 April 2013].

9: Glasgow Herald, 31 March 1890, p. 7; 3 April 1890, p. 7; Scotsman, 13 November 1936, p. 16; 8 January 1937, p. 7; Glasgow and Paisley Post Office directories, 1890–1920.

10: The Times, 18 December 1885, p. 1.

11: Censuses 1891 and 1901, www.ancestry.co.uk; Census 1911, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk [both accessed 4 April 2013]; Slater’s Royal National Commercial Directory of Scotland, 1907, p. 1486; 1915, p. 1174.

12: Tamworth Herald, 20 July 1895, p. 6; 'National Viola Society', The Garden: An Illustrated Weekly, 54, 9 July 1898, p. 29.

13: National Probate Calendar 1858–1966, www.ancestry.co.uk [accessed 4 April 2013].