Robert Frame

Architect; JHKM employee

Architect Robert Frame appears in the records of Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh from March 1907 until April 1911. Because at least three people of this name attended the Glasgow School of Art between 1898 and 1910, it has been unclear exactly which of these worked for the practice. Thomas Howarth recounted that Frame, who worked closely with Mackintosh, emigrated to Canada c. 1905, and died around 1911–12. 1 One namesake, joiner and bricklayer Robert Eadie Frame (b. Larkhall, 1881; student in 1898), emigrated first to Canada in 1912, then the United States and lived until 1948. 2 Another possibility, architect Robert Frame, also from Larkhall (b. 1890; student 1909–13) was killed in action on 28 March 1918. 3 However, Robert Sinclair Frame (1884–1912) appears to be the likeliest candidate.

Robert S. Frame was born in Alloa, Clackmannanshire in 1884, the son of architect and surveyor Adam Frame (c. 1838–1901) and his wife Robina Sinclair. 4 Robert's grandfather, Thomas Frame Senior (d. 1875), and elder brother Thomas Frame Junior (1878–1903), were also builders and architects. 5 Robert S. Frame attended the Glasgow School of Art during 1900–1, as an 'art student', while staying with his parents at Coningsby Place, Alloa. His father died suddenly in 1901, and Thomas Frame Junior inherited the family architectural practice. He probably also employed his brother Robert, as the latter did not return to the Glasgow School of Art. 6

In 1903, Thomas Frame died and his Alloa architectural firm was purchased by H. A. Newman; there is no record of Robert at this time. 7 Robert S. Frame was first paid by Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh on 30 March 1907, and re-enrolled at the Glasgow School of Art for the session 1908–9. He described himself as an 'architect's assistant'. 8

Frame was last paid by Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh on 4 April 1911, and on 2 May 1911 he and fellow architect William Ralston boarded the Cunard liner 'Ivernia' in Liverpool. They travelled to Boston and on to Toronto, Canada. 9 William Ralston (b. 1886) was the son of Robert Ralston, a cabinetmaker from Dumbarton, and younger brother of South Africa-based architect John Ralston (1878–1955). 10 Robert S. Frame died of pulmonary tuberculosis on 1 April 1912, in King Edward Sanatorium, Weston, Ontario, aged 28. 11

Notes:

1: Student Registers, information kindly provided by the Glasgow School of Art Archives, 12 March 2014; Thomas Howarth, Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Modern Movement, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 2nd edn, 1977, p. 257.

2: Student Registers, information kindly provided by the Glasgow School of Art Archives, 12 March 2014; Census information, www.ancestry.co.uk; Border Crossings: From Canada to U.S., 1895–1956; 1940 United States Federal Census; U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942; Darien, Connecticut Directory 1949, New Haven: Price & Lee, p. 274, in U.S. City Directories, 1821–1989, online resources, www.ancestry.co.uk [all accessed 18 March 2014].

3: Student Registers, information kindly provided by the Glasgow School of Art Archives, 12 March 2014; Statutory Births, Census 1911, Valuation Rolls 1920, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk; British Army W.W.I Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914–1920, www.ancestry.co.uk [all accessed 18 March 1914].

4: Census information, www.ancestry.co.uk; Statutory Births, Deaths, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk; 'Adam Frame', Dictionary of Scottish Architects, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk [all accessed 18 March 2014].

5: Statuory Births, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk; 'Thomas Frame' and 'Thomas Frame junior', Dictionary of Scottish Architects, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk [all accessed 18 March 2014].

6: 'Adam Frame' and 'Thomas Frame & Son', Dictionary of Scottish Architects, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk [accessed 18 March 2014].

7: 'Thomas Frame & Son' and 'Henry Allan Newman', Dictionary of Scottish Architects, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk [accessed 18 March 2014].

8: Student Registers, information kindly provide by the Glasgow School of Art Archives, 12 March 2014; Census 1911, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk – [accessed 18 March 2014].

9: U.K., Outward Passenger Lists, 1890–1960; Boston, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1820–1954; Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865–1935, online resources, www.ancestry.co.uk [accessed 18 March 2014].

10: Statutory Births, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk; Census information, www.ancestry.co.uk; 'John Ralston', Dictionary of Scottish Architects, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk [accessed 18 March 2014].

11: Ontario, Canada, Deaths, 1869–1938 and Deaths Overseas, 1939–1947, online resources, www.ancestry.co.uk [accessed 18 March 2014].