Mrs Orrock Johnston

Client

Amy Hepburn Gulland (1842–1919) married Rev. Alexander Orrock Johnston (1840–1905), a Free Church minister, in 1869. 1 She was the daughter of a prosperous farmer, who worked 600 acres in Newtown of Wemyss, Fife. 2 Her husband was a middle-class linen manufacturer's son, also from Wemyss parish. 3 Their first three children were born in Cambuslang, SW of Glasgow, where Alexander Orrock Johnston was pastor. 4

In 1876, Orrock Johnston joined a fledgling Glasgow congregation of only twenty, with a temporary iron church on the corner of Great Western and Hyndland Roads. 5 The wealthy parishioners soon increased, commissioning stately Westbourne Church from John Honeyman. The collection at the church opening in 1881 cleared 1485 of the 9,000 cost. 6

Mrs Johnston's children epitomised the gulf between Victorian male and female expectations. Sons Frederick W. (later Sir) and James H. O. Johnston became senior colonial administrators, the former in India and the latter in South Africa. 7 Elder daughter Lucy Perfect Johnston (1874–1961) – named after her grandmother – was an early female graduate of Glasgow University (M.A., 1901), and in 1914 stood successfully for Govan School Board in 1914. 8 After this pioneering start, she apparently played little further part in public life, and lived with her mother until 1919. Much later, she moved to St Andrews where her brothers had retired in the 1930s. 9 Mrs Johnston's youngest child, Katherine, married calico printer John Wingate (brother of an architect, Alexander Wingate) and was living near her mother in Westbourne Terrace in Glasgow's West End in 1911. 10

Notes:

1: Dundee Courier, 9 August 1869, p. 4.

2: Census data, www.ancestry.co.uk [accessed 3 May 2013].

3: Census data, www.ancestry.co.uk [accessed 3 May 2013].

4: Glasgow Herald, 6 February 1868, p. 2; census data, www.ancestry.co.uk [accessed 3 May 2013].

5: Glasgow Herald, 17 November 1876, p. 3; 16 March 1905, p. 3.

6: Glasgow Herald, 20 September 1881, p. 4.

7: P. J. Rich, Creating the Arabian Gulf: The British Raj ..., Maryland: Lexington Books, 2009, p. 1221; The Times, 3 May 1947, p. 7; 7 September 1948, p. 1.

8: 'People: Graduate Record', University of Glasgow Story, http://universitystory.gla.ac.uk/ [accessed 2 May 2013]; Scotsman, 8 November 1901, p.9. From 1872, women had been permitted both to vote for and be elected to Scottish local school boards. Scotsman, 20 March 1914, p. 11; Glasgow Herald, 3 April 1914, p. 13; 4 April 1914, p. 10.

9: Census 1911; A. H. Johnston Inventory, Glasgow 1919, SC36/48/301, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk [accessed 2 May 2013]; Scotsman, 12 March 1937, p. 9; Glasgow Herald, 7 June 1961, p. 18; J. and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge: University Press, 1947, 2, Pt 3, p. 587; The Times, 18 June 1948, p. 1; 7 September 1948, p. 1.

10: Census 1911 and statutory marriages 1901, www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk; Dictionary of Scottish Architects, 1840–1980, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk, [accessed 2 May 2013].